Hard Drive Cloning HOW TO

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BillMorrow
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Hard Drive Cloning HOW TO

#1 Post by BillMorrow » Fri Jul 14, 2006 3:14 am

Want to clone your hard drive for a backup..?
Here's how..
Author is dsvochak/ Moderator Group

1. What you will need:

a) A new drive, appropriate for your machine.

For machines before the "60" series, you will need a PATA drive. For "60" series machines you will need a SATA drive. All machines except the X4* series take a 2.5" drive. The X4* series requires a 1.8" drive., If you're uncertain which drives work with your machine see your owner's manual or the Hard Drive FAQ for further information: Hard Drive Faq

b) Cloning software:
Generally the members here prefer Acronis True Image. A free working trial is available here, but there are certain limitations to the free trial version, primarily that it must be used within Windows. Other options include Norton Ghost and EZGig.

c) An external USB 2.5" HD Adapter or an IBM HD Ultrabay adapter for your machine.

The adapter must be suitable for the machine. That is, a SATA drive requires a SATA adapter and a PATA drive requires a PATA adapter.

If you choose the USB adapter and are using a machine with USB 1.1 ports, you may want a PC USB 2 card in order to speed up the process. A USB 2.5" adapter plugged into a PC USB 2.0 card may require an external power source. The Ultrabay HD Adapter will be the fastest method of cloning. There are firewire enclosures available, get a firewire pcmcia card a cable and you are set.

2. Machine specific considerations:

a) In order to clone an SATA drive, you must use Version 9 of True Image. Earlier versions of True Image do not see SATA drives.

b) T43's, R52's and X41's may encounter what is described as "the 2010 error". The error occurs if a non-IBM/Lenovo approved drive is used. An extended discussion of this error, its effects, and possible solutions may be found here
See also the IBM Support Bulletin regarding this problem and a discussion of the issue at ThinkWiki

The ThinkWiki discussion has a list of drives known to work, or which will work after a firmware update. There is also a list of drives which will produce the error and are not known to have a working firmware update.

Also see this link for a discussion of flashing a retail HD to IBM firmware (Please pay particular attention to the Warning at the top and perform this procedure at your own risk)

c) Difficulties cloning drives on T40's and T41's may arise if older versions of the cloning software are used. This is due to problems earlier versions of the software encounter when trying to clone the recovery partition on those machines. The solution in this case is to make sure you have the latest version of the cloning software.

3. The process is relatively simple:

a) Install the target drive in the USB HD adapter or Ultrabay adapter using the instructions provided with the HD adapter

b) Ensure the drive being recognized by the computer.

Navigate to Control Panel-->Performance and Maintenance-->Administrative Tools-->Computer Management. In the left pane, select "Disk Management". If the target drive is operating properly, it will show up in the right panel as "Disk 1".

If the target drive is not recognized by Disk Management, it is not properly installed in the HD adapter, may require an external power source, or is defective. Perform the appropriate checks to determine which is the case.

c) Install the cloning software, attach the target drive, and follow the instructions.

d) When the process is complete, swap the new drive into the machine's drive bay.

For instructions regarding removing the drive from your machine see your owner's manual. If you don't have an owner's manual you can obtain the instructions from the
Hardware Maintenance Manual


4. How to screw it up:

a) Attaching the source and target drives to a machine other than a Thinkpad.

If this is done, the cloning process may fail due to the other machine reading the drive geometry differently than a Thinkpad.

b) Rebooting after cloning with both the original drive and the new drive attached to the machine.

This will create a problem described here.

Essentially, Windows NT, 2000, and XP remember drive letters previously assigned to partitions. If you reboot after cloning with both the original drive and the new drive attached, a drive letter will be assigned and, when the original drive is replaced, the machine may fail to boot.

c) Using "Create Image" to clone without creating a image of all the partitions on the source drive.

If you don't have an adapter to hook up the new drive, you can "clone" by creating a disk image, installing the new drive and restoring the created image to the new drive. If the "created image" doesn't contain all the partitions of the original disk, "Restore Image" will restore the image to a new disk, but it may not boot. According to the True Image support forum, creating an image with less than all the partitions on the original disk creates a situation where the MBR may not be contained in the image and is therefore not transferred to the new disk. No MBR, no boot.

Rescue and Recovery Repair Diskette
This package creates a bootable diskette that can be used to repair a corrupt boot sector on your primary hard drive. This package can also be used to reenable the F11 function as long as the service partition has not been removed from your hard drive. You will need a floppy drive on your machine or a usb floppy drive, once downloaded this takes about 15 minutes to repair or replace the MBR.
Last edited by BillMorrow on Tue Feb 12, 2008 1:47 am, edited 1 time in total.
Bill Morrow, kept by parrots :parrot: & cockatoos
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She was not what you would call unrefined,
She was the type of person who kept a parrot.
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BillMorrow
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Joined: Tue Apr 13, 2004 9:40 pm
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Hard drive utility links

#2 Post by BillMorrow » Sat Nov 03, 2007 1:09 am

Bill Morrow, kept by parrots :parrot: & cockatoos
Sysop - forum.thinkpads.com

*
She was not what you would call refined,
She was not what you would call unrefined,
She was the type of person who kept a parrot.
~~~Mark Twain~~~

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